Call for Papers
Ancient Rape Cultures: Greek, Roman, Jewish, Christian
Conference at Institutum Romanum Finlandiae (The Finnish Institute in Rome)
27-28 October 2022
The concept of ‘rape culture’ refers to a cultural environment in which sexual violence is not only common but also normalized and therefore largely invisible and unreported. While it might be anachronistic and provocative to label the ancient Mediterranean world in general as a ‘rape culture’, we believe the concept can be useful in exploring the literary narratives and visual representations of gender-based violence in the surviving ancient sources. As various studies have demonstrated, sexual violence is one of the most predominant themes in ancient narrative traditions. Not only is the phenomenon common, but in both mythical and historical storylines it is often naturalized as an essential part of the world, and as a defining element of its hierarchies and power structures. Furthermore, in ancient storytelling, sexual violence wields great narrative significance: it is often an act that sets the events in motion and motivates the actions of the heroes and the protagonists.
Ancient narratives have had a profound influence on the ways in which sexual and gender-based violence have been represented in the later Western culture. The “Ancient Rape Cultures: Greek, Roman, Jewish, Christian” conference aims to understand this ambivalent legacy by fomenting interdisciplinary discussion of the similarities, differences and connections between the different ancient narrative traditions: Greek, Roman, Jewish, and early Christian. We invite papers examining how gender-based violence has been narrated and represented in different cultural contexts in antiquity, and how the theme has been utilized to construct cultural, ethnic, and religious identities. The call for papers is addressed to scholars from all disciplines across Classics, ancient history, art history, biblical studies and studies of religion.
We welcome proposals dealing with – but not limited to – one of the following topics:
- Narratives of gender-based violence in Greek or Jewish mythology and tradition, and their receptions in the Roman or the early Christian sources
- Narrative strategies and narratological elements (gaze, voice, focalization) in the ancient literary accounts of gender-based violence
- Visual storytelling: Representations of gender-based violence in ancient art and material culture
- Eroticizing non-sexual violence (suicide, torture, execution etc.) in the ancient sources
- Reception of Greek, Roman, Jewish, and Christian stories of gender-based violence in later Western art and culture